## Surveying and Geomatics Syllabus | Civil Engineering Syllabus for Second Year | Surveying and Geomatics as per UTU | By Ashutosh Nautiyal and Akhand Dutta

Surveing and Geomatics Syllabus |

## Course Objective

To impart knowledge about basic principles of field surveying procedures and practices for civil engineering application and also to impart knowledge on advanced surveying, photogrammetry, remote sensing, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

## The syllabus is given below in units:

## Unit – I: Introduction to Surveying

Importance of surveying to engineers, plane and geodetic surveying, principles of surveying, classification of surveys, Principles of different methods and their accuracies, measurement by tape, Reference meridians, bearing and azimuths, magnetic declination, compass, Vernier theodolite, temporary adjustments, measurements of horizontal angle, modern trends- EDM, electronic theodolites and Electronic Total Station.

## Unit – II: Levelling and Contouring

Methods of determining elevations, Direct levelling- basic terms and definitions, principle, booking and reduction of field notes, curvature and refraction, automatic levels, Contouring- methods and uses.

Definition, Principles of stadia systems, subtense bar and tangential methods

## Unit – III: Curves

Elements of simple circular curves, theory and methods of setting out simple circular curves, transition curves- types and their characteristics, ideal transition curve, equations of various transition curves and Introduction to vertical curves.

## Unit – IV: Traversing

Principles of traversing by compass and theodolite, computations of traverse coordinates, Principles and classification of triangulation systems, strength of figures, satellite stations, intervisibility of stations, triangulation field work Principles, plane table equipments, methods, resection by three point problem.

## Unit -V: Triangulation and Trilateration

Necessity of Control Surveying, Principle of Triangulation and Trilateration, classification of Triangulation Systems Station Marks, Towers and Signals, Satellite station, Intersected and Resected points, Reconnaissance, Intervisibility of stations, Angular Measurement, Base line measurement and its extension

## Unit- VI: Adjustment Computations

Treatment of random errors, Normal law of errors, Most Probable Value, Weight of observations, Propagation of errors and variances, Principle of Least Squares, Observations and correlative Normal Equations, Adjustment of triangulation figures and level nets.

## Unit -VII: GPS and GIS

Global Positioning System(GPS)- Introduction, principle, and applications of GPS in different fields of Surveying, Geographic Information System (GIS)-Introduction, Geographical concepts and terminology, Applications of GIS

## Unit -VIII: Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

Photogrammetry-Introduction, Scale of photograph, Tilt and height displacement, Stereoscopic vision and stereoscopes, Techniques of photo-interpretation, Principles of remote sensing, Electro Magnetic Radiation (EMR), energy interaction with atmosphere and earth features, spectral signatures, Remote sensing satellites and their data products, methods of interpretation of remotely sensed data.

## Course Outcome:

The course will enable the students to:

- Apply the knowledge, techniques, skills, and applicable tools of the discipline to engineering and surveying activities.

- Translate the knowledge gained for the implementation of Civil infrastructure facilities.

- Identify and calculate the errors in measurements and to develop corrected values for differential level circuits, horizontal distances and angles for open or closed-loop traverses.

- Operate an automatic level to perform differential and profile levelling; properly record notes; mathematically reduce and check levelling measurements.

- Effectively communicate with team members during field activities; identify appropriate safety procedures for personal protection; properly handle and use measurement instruments. Be able to identify hazardous environments and take measures to insure one’s personal and team safety.

- Calculate azimuths, latitudes and departures, error of closure; adjust latitudes and departures and determine coordinates for a closed traverse.

## Reference Books:

1. S K Duggal: Surveying Vol 1 & 2, TMH.

2. Surveying, 5th Edition, Mc Cormac, Wiley India.

3. R Subramanian: Surveying & Leveling, Oxford University Press

4. B C Punamia: Surveying & Levelling.

5. C Venkatramaih: Text Book of Surveying, University of Press.

6. H . Kanitkar: Surveying & Levelling.

7. Arora, K.R., “Surveying”, Vol. II & III, Standard Book House, Delhi.

8. Mc Cormac, Surveying, 5th Edition, Wiley India.