# Fluid Mechanics Syllabus | Civil Engineering Syllabus for Second Year | Fluid Mechanics Syllabus as per UTU | By Akhand Dutta

Classification of fluid flow : steady and unsteady flow; uniform and nonuniform flow; laminar and turbulent flow; rotational and irrotational flow; compressible and incompressible flow; ideal and real fluid flow;

## Fluid Mechanics Syllabus

The syllabus is given below in units:

## UNIT 1: Basic Concepts and Definitions –

Distinction between a fluid and a solid; Density, Specific weight, Specific gravity, Kinematic and dynamic viscosity; variation of viscosity with temperature, Newton law of viscosity; vapor pressure, boiling point, Cavitation; surface tension, capillarity, Bulk modulus of elasticity, compressibility.

 Fluid

## UNIT 2: Fluid Statics -

Fluid Pressure: Pressure at a point, Pascal law, and pressure variation with temperature, density and altitude. Piezometer, U-Tube Manometer, Single Column Manometer, U-Tube Differential Manometer, Micro manometers. Pressure gauges, Hydrostatic pressure and force: horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces. Buoyancy and stability of floating bodies.

## UNIT 3: Fluid Kinematics-

Classification of fluid flow: steady and unsteady flow; uniform and nonuniform flow; laminar and turbulent flow; rotational and irrotational flow; compressible and incompressible flow; ideal and real fluid flow; one, two and three-dimensional flows; Streamline, path line, streak line and stream tube; stream function, velocity potential function. One-, two- and three - dimensional continuity equations in Cartesian coordinates

## UNIT 4: Fluid Dynamics & Dimensional Analysis -

Surface and body forces; Equations of motion - Euler’s equation; Bernoulli’s equation – derivation; Energy Principle; Practical applications of Bernoulli’s equation; venturimeter, orifice meter and pitot tube; Momentum principle; Forces exerted by fluid flow on pipe bend; Vortex Flow – Free and Forced; Definitions of Reynolds Number, Froude Number, Mach Number, Weber Number and Euler Number; Buckingham’s π-Theorem.

## UNIT5: Laminar & Turbulent Flow, Boundary Layer Analysis -

Equation of motion for laminar flow through pipes, Stokes law, the transition from laminar to turbulent flow, turbulent flow, types of turbulent flow, scale and intensity of turbulence, measurement of turbulence, mixing length concept and velocity distribution in turbulent flow over smooth and rough surfaces, Flow through pipes and pipe networks, Head loss in pipes, Equivalent pipes. Boundary layer thickness, boundary layer over a flat plate, application of momentum equation, turbulent boundary layer, laminar sub layer, separation and its control, Drag and lift, drag on a sphere.

## TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

 P. Balachandran, “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

 Dr. R. K. Bansal, “A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines”, Laxmi

Publications.

 Fluid Mechanics and Machinery, C.S.P.Ojha, R. Berndtsson and P. N. Chadramouli, Oxford

University Press, 2010

 Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, P M Modi and S M Seth, Standard Book House

 Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, K. Subramanya, Tata McGraw Hill

 Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications, R.L. Daugherty, J.B. Franzini and E.J.

Finnemore, International Student Edition, McGraw Hill.

*Taken from the official website of Uttarakhand Technical University.

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