Civil engineering plays a major role in the development of a country and the construction of national highways. In India, NHAI, or The National Highways Authority of India is an autonomous agency of the Government of India, set up in 1995 and is responsible for the management of a network of over 50 thousand kilometers of National Highways out of 1,32,499 kilometers in India. It is an agency of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, India.
What does civil engineering do?
Civil engineering is a branch of engineering and one of the earliest engineering sub-disciplines. The discipline's core focuses on the design, management, and control of civil engineering projects, including infrastructure and construction of dams, transport facilities, water supply, civil engineering, town planning, urban engineering and construction of plants. The most significant Civil Engineering projects are the water projects that have resulted in a substantial increase in water reservoirs in the country and are the backbone of its civil engineering sector. Besides, it also improves the quality of the environment by decreasing the water pollution and recharging water resources. Furthermore, it also creates job opportunities for the qualified professionals in the country.
The role of civil engineers in construction of national highways
As per the latest report of China Public Roads Agency, total investment for the construction of national highways was almost 47 billion. The report also indicated that there are 22,498 km of the national highway that is built every year. It can be seen that one of the most important factors for the development of a country is the national highway. The need of the hour National highways play a crucial role in the economic development of the country. More than 90 percent of the population of the country depends on the transport sector for their everyday work. The economic development of a country is a result of the availability of cheap and accessible goods and services.
Of course, this is only a brief introduction to the subject, and there is a lot more to be studied. If you wish to further investigate the subject of civil engineering, you may look into a few books listed below. Books: Ackerman, John R., and Charles E. Newton, Jr. (2008) The Handbook of Civil Engineering, Sixth Edition, The Prentice Hall, Avery Publishing, Newton, John R. (2009) Fundamentals of Civil Engineering, Wiley-Blackwell, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Avery Publishing, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. (2009) Civil Engineering, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. (2011) Problems of Civil Engineering, The W. H. Freeman and Company, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.